Drumming was a part of Indigenous communities but was removed through colonization. It’s return was part of recovery and return of pride. Music was important to communities but some never returned to drumming.

Don Drum 1 (No drums but accordion, harmonica, etc.)

Don remembers growing up with many musical instruments, but not drums.

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Julia Drum 1 (Drumming and singing increases pride)

Julia describes the building of Indigenous pride through the recovery of drumming.

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Ella Drum 1 (Hand drum returning to community)

Ella describes the loss of drumming due to colonization, and its return to Indigenous peoples.

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